Finden Sie uns auf Facebook

Veröffentlichungen

Dokumente - Sprachforschung

Environmental constraints shaping constituent order in emerging communication systems: Structural iconicity, interactive alignment and conventionalization

Environmental constraints shaping constituent order in emerging communication systems: Structural iconicity, interactive alignment and conventionalization

Christensen, P., Fusaroli, R., & Tylén, K. (2015). Environmental Constraints Shaping Constituent Order in Emerging Communication Systems: Structural Iconicity, Interactive Alignment and Conventionalization. Cognition 146, p. 67-80.

Abstract

Where does linguistic structure come from? Recent gesture elicitation studies have indicated that constituent order (corresponding to for instance subject–verb–object, or SVO in English) may be heavily influenced by human cognitive biases constraining gesture production and transmission. Here we explore the alternative hypothesis that syntactic patterns are motivated by multiple environmental and social–interactional constraints that are external to the cognitive domain. In three experiments, we systematically investigate different motivations for structure in the gestural communication of simple transitive events. The first experiment indicates that, if participants communicate about different types of events, manipulation events (e.g. someone throwing a cake) and construction events (e.g. someone baking a cake), they spontaneously and systematically produce different constituent orders, SOV and SVO respectively, thus following the principle of structural iconicity. The second experiment shows that participants’ choice of constituent order is also reliably influenced by social–interactional forces of interactive alignment, that is, the tendency to re-use an interlocutor’s previous choice of constituent order, thus potentially overriding affordances for iconicity. Lastly, the third experiment finds that the relative frequency distribution of referent event types motivates the stabilization and conventionalization of a single constituent order for the communication of different types of events. Together, our results demonstrate that constituent order in emerging gestural communication systems is shaped and stabilized in response to multiple external environmental and social factors: structural iconicity, interactive alignment and distributional frequency.

Keywords

  • Structural iconicity
  • Interactive alignment
  • Conventionalization
  • Gesture
  • Word order
Why Bilingual Education Policy Is Needed: A Philosophical Response to the Critics

Why Bilingual Education Policy Is Needed: A Philosophical Response to the Critics

What role does bilingual education policy have in the educational opportunity structure for heritage language (HL) students? In what ways might bilingual education enhance students' self-determination? In this article, I shall argue that the various criticisms against bilingual education policy are myopic and focused on nostalgic notions of Americanization and assimilation, which often cost heritage language students a secure sense of cultural identity, an expansive social context of choice, and consequently, their self-determination. When students have a secure sense of authenticity in their cultural identity, and a favorable social context within which to make important life choices, they then have the best chance of become self-determining. Thus, I examine how bilingual education policy should be justified based on the principle of self-determination.

Multilingual Research in Spanish: Annotated Bibliography

Multilingual Research in Spanish: Annotated Bibliography

The annotated bibliography seeks to sketch a general picture of the nature and scope of the research on multilingualism supplied in Spanish. A number of authors writing in this language have taken interest in a wide variety of aspect of multilingualism. The areas that seem to be more outstanding so far are Education, Linguistic Policies, (Foreign) Language Acquisition and Sociolinguistics.

Author: Laura Sanchez

Trilingual Primary Education in Europe (TPEE-project)

Trilingual Primary Education in Europe (TPEE-project)

The project has conducted an inventory of provisions for trilingual primary education in the minority language communities in the member states of the European Union. New initiatives and recent developments in the field of trilingual primary education are considered to be of special interest to our target groups.

The report includes 10 reports covering 12 cases on the provisions for trilingual primary education in 7 member states of the  European Union: Austria, Finland, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Spain. It does not represent the whole of the provisions for trilingual primary education in all minority language communities of the European Union.

Source:  Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning

Year: 2011

Barn berättar på svenska och engelska: En explorativ studie om narrativer hos flerspråkiga barn i tidig skolålder

Barn berättar på svenska och engelska: En explorativ studie om narrativer hos flerspråkiga barn i tidig skolålder

Growing up in a multilingual environment is becoming more common in today’s society. In spite of this, there is limited knowledge of language assessment of multilingual children with language impairment.

Source:  Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi

Year: 2012

Annual Report of the Official Languages and Bilingualism Institute

Annual Report of the Official Languages and Bilingualism Institute

Source:  Official Languages and Bilingualism Institute

Year: 2012

Editors:  Official Languages and Bilingualism Institute

The Corsican  language in education in Slovenia

The Corsican language in education in Slovenia

Source: European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning

Year: 2012

Editors: mercator

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Next
Culturelink Europäischer Verlegerrat (EPC) EUNIC in Brussels
Europa Esperanto Unio - EEU Europäischer Verlegerverband (FEP) Community Media Forum Europe
Föderalistische Union Europäischer Volksgruppen (FUEN) EEE-YFU Fundación Academia Europea de Yuste
ALTE Europäischer Rat der Literaturübersetzerverbände (CEATL) Europäischer Verband kommerzieller Fernsehanstalten (ATC)
Literature Across Frontiers Europäische Föderation nationaler Sprachinstitutionen (EFNIL) EUROCLIO
Europäische Theaterkonvention Mercator europäisches Netzwerk für Sprachenvielfalt-Zentren Europäische Koordination unabhängiger Produzenten (CEPI)
Europäischer Verband für Erwachsenenbildung (EAEA) European Council for Steiner Waldorf Education (ECSWE) Club de Madrid
Europäischer Künstlerrat (ECA) RECIT Eurolang
Europäisches Forum für fachliche und berufliche Aus- und Weiterbildung (EfVET) Europäischer Verband für Terminologie (EAFT) European Federation for Intercultural Learning

"(c) 05/02/2011 - Haftungsausschluss - Copyright European Union National Institutes for Culture" "Diese Website wurde mit Unterstützung der Europäischen Kommission finanziert." Die Verantwortung für den Inhalt dieser Website trägt allein der Verfasser; die Kommission haftet nicht für die weitere Verwendung der darin enthaltenen Angaben.

Newsletter

Bleiben Sie über Poliglotti4.eu auf dem Laufenden

E fundamental o conhecimento do outro e designadamente da sua língua. O Alentejo tem accões de formação de Espanhol inicial e também avançado no sentido de favorecer a cooperação com entidades Espanholas.

Paulo Silva Portugal

Twitter